Also called Hard Ferrite Magnet or Ceramic Magnet
Hard ferrite (ceramic) magnets were developed in the 1960’s as a low cost alternative to metallic magnets. Even though they exhibit low energy (compared with other permanent magnet materials) and are relatively brittle and hard, ferrite magnets have won wide acceptance due to their good resistance to demagnetization, excellent corrosion resistance and low price per pound. In fact, measured by weight, ferrite represents more than 75 percent of the world magnet consumption. It is the first choice for most types of DC motors, magnetic separators, magnetic resonance imaging and automotive sensors.
Hard ferrite magnets are manufactured to rigid magnetic and physical standards which normally exceed Magnetic Materials Producers Association (MMPA) standards.
The chemical composition is SrO-6(Fe2O3), strontium hexaferrite. The raw materials used to produce ferrite magnets are strontium carbonate and iron oxide both of which are readily available and low in cost. As a result, the use of ferrite magnets in most applications is more economical than other materials.
Ferrite magnets are formed by compaction in dedicated, multi-cavity dies followed by sintering in high temperature furnaces. This produces a hard, brittle part that requires diamond wheels for grinding to close tolerances. While physically quite strong, these magnets should not be considered a structural member in an assembly. And like most ceramics, they are brittle and should be handled so as to avoid chipping and cracking.
Temperature variation can result in both reversible and irreversible changes in magnetization. A reversible change occurs at the rate of approximately -0.2% per degree centigrade. That is, as temperature rises above ambient, induction (Br) will decrease. Coercivity, a measure of resistance to demagnetization, changes at a rate of about 0.27% per degree centigrade. As temperature rises, a ferrite magnet will increase in coercivity.
Irreversible changes can result from exposure to very low temperatures, and the magnetic quality is restored only by remagnetization. Irreversible changes can be avoided by providing an adequate permeance coefficient.
Hard ferrite must be magnetized in the direction of orientation, which is the same as the direction of pressing.
Our engineers will help you evaluate any application where the unique properties of ferrite would be useful. Please feel free to contact us for additional information.
NEMC Ferrite (Ceramic) Magnets are RoHS compliant.
Please kindly find NEMC Ferrite Magnets characteristics table here
Applications of Ceramic Magnets
· Speaker magnets
· DC brushless motors
· Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
· Magnetos used on lawnmowers and outboard motors
· DC permanent magnet motors (used in cars)
· Separators (separate ferrous material from non-ferrous)
· Used in magnetic assemblies designed for lifting, holding, retrieving and separating
Attributes of Ceramic Material
·Least expensive material compared to Alnico and rare earth magnets
·High intrinsic coercive force
·Available in simple shapes only due to manufacturing process
· Lower service temperature than alnico, greater than rare earth
· Finishing requires diamond cutting or grinding wheel
· Lower energy product than alnico and rare earth magnets
· Most common grades of ceramic are 1, 5 and 8 (1-8 possible)
· Grade 8 is the strongest ceramic material available
· Tooling can be expensive